Project is a temporary, one time effort, which is completed by, for, and devoted to, one organisation or individual. A project may be a section of a much larger problem, or a series of similar activities, often related to a defined problem, that require and complete resources in order to complete the project. As on a PRINCE 2 Foundation Course qualification.
The aim of project management is to attain a particular goal by the use of information, time and costs, set in time and existing resources. A project will usually, and in its most basic definition, be only a temporary exercise. In practice, project management involves increases in resource consumption, and includes the management and use of project software and resources.
The project conceptual framework used to describe a project is filed as a module with the program, and a separate module is filed for each phase in the plan.
The main components of a project are the following:
• A objectives document. This sets out the purpose and scope of the project. This is normally unique, unless it relates to a larger problem, in which it may involve similar organisations, for example for the design phase, or later software development.
• Requirements management. This describes the defining of the set of requirements that will be required by the project for the solution to the problem.
• Scope management. A set of activities and events, which firstly states what and how, and then how to do it.
• Time management. A statement of time and how much, on an ad-hoc basis or under a specific schedule.
Project management of a software project is usually, and justifiably here not, used for brainstorming, problem solving and looking at the way the program actually works, due to a lack of technical understanding, but is sometimes more modelling than it is doing. Also, it is often important for the development team to come up with their own solutions, as the project model provided by the Programmes must be able to match them, should they need to be changed.
New projects with a larger scope and higher stages are very different from complex troubleshooting. A project involved the design and development of a software system that will interface with an entire enterprise network or system.
Organisations start to use PM for software development projects as well, if their software product or project requirements need to match a certain environment and if they need a mature, well documented solution.
Project management software systems are now being used and integrated as new tools into project development; the new tools and techniques greatly benefit organisations and make complex and time-critical aspects of software development easier to manage and oversee by appropriating people on for specific activities and assigning them to the right people, in all the most effective way. Some organizations also use project management within their existing systems to help with all aspects of software development from concept development to the current implementation for the system.
Thus a project management software suite may cover all, or part of, the following services:
Communication among projects, teams and stakeholders.
A comprehensive base to measure and improve program effectiveness.
Brings the information you need down into meaningful data for accurate analysis, thereby creating a robust program to improve every aspect of business performance.
A unique and flexible template system for structured and unstructured planning.
time and cost management
communication and reports management